A chemo-centric view of human health and disease

Duran-Frigola M, Rossell D, Aloy P,
Nature Communications, 2014, 5, 5676

Efforts to compile the phenotypic effects of drugs and environmental chemicals offer the opportunity to adopt a chemo-centric view of human health that does not require detailed mechanistic information. Here, we consider thousands of chemicals and analyze the relationship of their structures with adverse and therapeutic responses. Our study includes molecules related to the etiology of 934 health threatening conditions and used to treat 835 diseases. We first identify chemical moieties that could be independently associated with each phenotypic effect. Using these fragments, we build accurate predictors for approximately 400 clinical phenotypes, finding many privileged and liable structures. Finally, we connect two diseases if they relate to similar chemical structures. The resulting networks of human conditions are able to predict disease comorbidities, as well as identifying potential drug side effects and opportunities for drug repositioning, and show a remarkable coincidence with clinical observations.

Pubmed: 25435099
Direct link: 10.1038/ncomms6676